Officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, it gained its independence from Sudan in 2011. Recently, South Sudan has struggled with good governance and nation building and has attempted to control opposition forces operating in its territory. Its capital and largest city is Juba. With a population of 12 million, mostly of Nilotic peoples, it is demographically among the youngest nations.
With little infrastructure and suffering from several decades of civil war, South Sudan is severely underdeveloped with widespread poverty. Nevertheless, there are abundant natural resources, particularly in agricultural areas where fertile soils and water supply is abundant. Oil production is significant for providing a majority of the government's budget revenue.