Eritrea, a country located in the Horn of Africa, is officially called the State of Eritrea. The country's capital is Asmara. Eritrea is bordered by Ethiopia in the south, Sudan in the west and Djibouti in the southeast. This country covers about 117,600 square kilometers. Eritrea's economy is mostly based around subsistence farming, as is the case with many African nations. Their nominal GDP per capita is $710, relatively low compared to the rest of the world. The economy has seen large growth in the last few years.
Eritrea's government is a single-party state and presidential republic. Its legislature is called the National Assembly. They finally gained full freedom from Ethiopia in May of 1993. The people in Eritrea, called Eritreans, speak their official languages of Tigrinya, Arabic and English. 5% of the population is identified as Tigrinya. Their population of approximately 6,536,000 people ranks as the 107th largest in the world. They are less densely populated than most countries, ranking 154th largest in the world.