The kingdom of Lesotho is a landlocked enclave surrounded completely by South Africa. The capital city is Maseru and the country is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
The government of Lesotho is a constitutional monarchy, led by Prime Minister Tom Motsoahae Thabane. A ceremonial monarchy is present, but no longer participates in political activity. The King of Lesotho is Letsie III.
Most residents of Lesotho support themselves by farming. The top industries in Lesotho are agriculture, livestock, manufacturing and mining. Lesotho is a poor country, with almost 40 percent of its population living below the international poverty line. Lesotho has significant natural resources, mostly in the form of water and diamonds.
The population of Lesotho is more than 2 million, with 75 percent living in rural areas. English is an official language, as is Sesotho. The main people of Lesotho are Basotho, which comprises almost 99.7 percent of Lesotho's population.