Guinea-Bissau is a small country in West Africa, bordered by Senegal to the north, Guinea to the south and east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. It is a tropical country, hot and humid year round with little temperature fluctuation.
Guinea-Bissau is a semi-presidential republic with a highly centralized government. The president acts as the head of state, while a prime minister acts as the head of the government. The unicameral National People's Assembly is made up of 100 members, which are popularly elected to serve in four-year terms. The judicial system is led by a Supreme Court, whose nine members are appointed by the president.
Guinea-Bissau's GDP per capita is one of the lowest in the world, and more than two-thirds of its population lives below the poverty line. The economy is heavily dependent upon agriculture. Fish, cashews, and ground nuts are the country's major exports.
The people of Guinea-Bissau are highly diverse, and have several different languages, customs, and social structures. Only 14% of the population speaks Portuguese, which is the country's official language. French is also taught in schools, as the country is surrounded by French-speaking nations. Illiteracy is a wide-spread problem, and child labor is a commonplace.
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