The Republic of Botswana, located in Southern Africa, is a landlocked country. The Kalahari Desert covers up to 70% of the country. It is bordered on the north and west by Nambia, and on the south and southeast by South Africa. Zimbabwe and Zambia border it to the north. The country covers an area of 600,370 square kilometers. The GDP per capita of Botswana is about $14,000. This has changed significantly since 1966, when it was just $70. It has made its way up from being known as one of the poorest African countries.
Representative democracy is their strong tradition in politics. It holds fair and free elections, democratically, since their independence in 1966. Botswana is home to only approximately 2,000,000 people. When compared to the rest of the world, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated regions in the area. The people in Botswana are commonly known as Batswana. People in this region speak Tswana and English.