Niger is a country located in western Africa, named after the Niger River. It's the largest nation in West Africa in terms of landmass, with over 80 percent being the Sahara desert. With a population of over 17 million, it has large population centers in the south and west. It's considered a developing country, and is one of the least developed nations in the world.
The economy is almost nonexistent, with most of it centered around subsistence farming and raw materials. Niger has had a difficult time improving this situation, as it has a primarily desert terrain with very few educated citizens, little infrastructure, and widespread poverty. Most citizens live in rural areas, with almost no access to education.
Niger lived through multiple periods of military rule before becoming a democratic state in 2010, following a military coup. Niger held its elections in 2011, both for a president and a parliament. Due to the small economy, Niger receives the bulk of its finances from foreign aid, particularly that provided by the European Union, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and the United Nations. It also receives aid from the United States, including help with food and HIV/AIDS.