Romania is a country located in Eastern Europe. It has a population of over 19 million people and covers 92,000 square miles (or almost 240,000 square kilometers). Romania has Bucharest as its capital city. Bucharest is the tenth largest city in Europe with around 2 million citizens. Romania ranks 7th in terms of total population among European countries.
Romania became approximately the country it is today in 1859 when the provinces of Moldavia and Wallachia became one country. Prince Alexander Ioan Cuza joined the country as one kingdom. In 1877, the countries of Transylvania, Bukovina, and Besserabia joined with Romania. After WW II, Romania became a socialist republic under the Warsaw Pact.
There was a revolution in 1989 that coincided with the fall of the Iron Curtain. Romania became a democracy with a capitalist economy at this time. Romania went through many rough transitions, but has now emerged with a high median income and a good human rights record.
Romania continues to make strides and to grow economically and culturally. They joined NATO in 2004 and the European Union (EU) in 2007.