The Kingdom of Norway, better known simply as Norway is a Scandinavian country bordered by Finland, Sweden, and Russia. The country is 385,252 square kilometers in size and has a population of about 5 million with Oslo being the capital city.
Norway's rich history includes two centuries of Viking raids before the country adopted Christianity in 994. Control of the country has shifted throughout the years. In the 1300's Norway became part of Denmark, and then it was taken over by Sweden. In 1905, Norwegians earned their independence, which they keep today. In 1949 Norway joined as a member of NATO, but they declined membership to the EU in 1972 and 1994.
In the late 1960's oil and gas deposits were found off the coast of Norway, and this has helped the country be very prosperous. Due to the countries fossil fuels, lumber, seafood, and many other attributes, the country has the 4th highest GDP per capital in the world. These riches have helped the country to succeed in having a functioning social security system, universal health care, and subsidized higher education. In fact, on many occasions Norway has been rated at the highest spot on the human development index ranking.