Located in Southeastern Europe, Montenegro is a country that borders Croatia, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, Albania, and the Adriatic Sea. As one of the founding members of the Union for the Mediterranean, Montenegro is known for its international activity as well. Classified as a middle-income country, it is also a member of the United Nations, The World Trade Organization, and other various European organizations and councils.
Montenegro has a rich history of revolts and takeovers that date back to the 10th century. These revolts were between three Slavic principalities, and lasted through the 14th century. It was once a part of both the Ottoman Empire and Yugoslavia as well. Finally, in 2006, Montenegro became an independent state.
Montenegro's geographical layout is somewhat mountainous around its borders, with a short coastal plain that ends at the Bay of Kotor. The largest city and capital is called Podgorica, and its former capital is known as Cetinje.