Liechtenstein, a principality, is located in Central Europe and bordered by Switzerland and Austria. The capital is Vaduz. It sits entirely within the Alps in the Upper Rhine Valley, making its landscape mountainous. It is one of only two doubly-landlocked countries in the world and is the sixth smallest independent nation.
Liechtenstein is governed by a constitutional monarchy, led by a prince. The country has 11 municipalities. Women were granted the right to vote in 1984.
Liechtenstein is considered a tax haven with more registered businesses than citizens. With extremely low unemployment, Liechtenstein's economy is strong, making it one of the richest countries in the world with one of the top gross domestic products. Much of its economy is rooted in financial services. Tourism, especially winter sports, is popular.
The population is roughly 35,000 and its official language is German. One-third of its population is foreign born. Liechtenstein has a 100 percent literacy rate.