Finland is a Nordic country in the northern part of Europe. Bordered by Sweden, Norway, and Russia, most of its citizens occupy the southern region of the country for climatic reasons. It is the least populated country by area of any country in the European Union. The center of the country is Helsinki, accounting for almost 20% of the population and a third of the GDP. This is also where the center of government is located.
Originally a part of Sweden for centuries, then a proxy arm of Russia, Finland formally declared independence from Russia in 1917, resulting in a civil war. Finland then took a conflicted approach to World War 2. They were late to the stage in terms of industrialization as result, remaining fairly farm-based until the late 1950's. This balance between eastern and western culture has led to some good positives, such as arguably the best education system in the world.