Located in Eurasia, one will find Georgia. Georgia's capital is Tbilisi and has a population of almost 4.7 million. Its people are governed by an elected representative democracy.
Georgia reached the peak of its political and economic strength during the 11th and 12th centuries. Georgia was annexed by the Russian empire in the 19th century. However, following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Georgia was occupied by Soviet Russia in 1921, becoming the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic and part of the Soviet Union. Gaining independence in the 1990s, Georgia suffered from economic crisis and civil unrest but was able to introduce crucial democratic and economic reforms in 2003 following the Rose Revolution.
The Likhi Range divides the country into eastern and western halves. Historically, the western portion of Georgia was known as Colchis while the eastern plateau was called Iberia. Mountains also isolate the northern region of Svaneti from the rest of Georgia. Surrounding the northern border is the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range. Along the Main Caucasus Range dominates numerous glaciers. Of the 2,100 glaciers that exist in the Caucasus today, about 30% are contained within Georgia.
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