Niue is a small island nation in the South Pacific. The island is approximately 100 square miles in size, hosting a population of just over 1500 people. Niue is a self governing state, although it's population are considered to be citizens of New Zealand and most of its diplomatic business is done by New Zealand on their behalf.
Niue was originally inhabited by Polynesians from neighboring islands, and was closed to foreigners until a local Nieuan man was trained as a missionary and began to preach Christianity on the island in the mid 1800's, slowly increasing foreign tolerance on the island. Eventually, in 1889, Niue officially began asking the queen of England to annex their island, and eventually it became a British protectorate for a very short time before being officially recognized and being in New Zealand's territory in 1901.
Niue is the world's first Wi-Fi nation. The registry that runs the .NU domain extension, the Internet Users Society