The Philippines, a sovereign country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean, is also called the Republic of the Philippines and has neighboring countries like Taiwan to its north and Vietnam on its west. Between Philippines and the island of Borneo lay the Sulu Sea on the south west and the Celebes Sea to its south and the Philippine Sea on its east.
The Philippines is prone to earthquakes and typhoons as it's located on the Pacific Ring of Fire and also because of its tropical climate. Despite the disadvantages, it is rich in natural resources and is one of the richest areas of biodiversity in the world. It consists of 7,107 islands, with three main geographical divisions: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, with Manila being its capital. The Philippines is ranked as the world's 12th most populous country with a population of 94 million. Its population comprises of multiple cultures and ethnic backgrounds throughout the islands.