The Arabic language (In literary terms, called the Modern standard Arabic) is an offspring of the Classical Arabic language, which was spoken in the 6th century. Arabic belongs to the Afro-Asiatic family. Classic Arabic is the language of the Qur'an. However it is also spoken by Arabic Christians and Mizrahi Jews. It is spoken primarily in the Middle East.
As of 2010, there are over two hundred million people who speak Arabic.
For the most part, "colloquial" Arabic is taught and learned at home for most speakers. Formal Literary Arabic is learned later on when a child attends school. The two different kinds of Arabic are used for different occasions. The colloquial version of Arabic is rarely written down while the formal version is mainly used for formal occasions, such as television broadcasts, lectures, business meetings, and parliamentary discussions.
Modern Standard Arabic has six pure vowels. These vowels differ from speaker to speaker as far as how they are pronounced. Arabic also has 28 consonants. The pronunciation depends on the country the particular version of Arabic is spoken in.