Israel is the country which is surrounded by Lebanon in the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east and Egypt in the southwest and along the eastern shore of Mediterranean Sea. It lays between latitudes 29 degree and 34 degree north, longitudes 34 degree and 36 degree east. Israel operates under a parliamentary system as a democratic republic with universal suffrage. The prime minister is the one who leads the government. Israel is a member of OECD.
Israel is one of the most advanced countries in southwest Asia. In 2010, Israel ranked 41st in the world. The Israeli economy was ranked as the world's most durable economy in the faces of crises. In 2012, the population was 7,848,800 people; among this Jews make up 5,909,000 of them. Israel is the Jewish majority country in the world.