Nicaragua is a country in Central America that borders the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean with Honduras on its northern border and Costa Rica on its southern border. The country has a population of approximately 6 million people and covers an area of over 130,000 square miles. There are three distinct geographic regions - the Pacific lowlands to the west, the North Central highlands and the Mosquito Coast.
Nicaragua was invaded by Spain in the 1500s and obtained independence in the 1820s. The official language is Spanish, but native tribes speak other languages. There are also large populations from Africa, Asia and the Middle East represented throughout the country, including the capital city of Managua, which has a population of approximately 1.5 million people.
Nicaragua had some economic and military struggles in the 1960s and 1970s. It elected the first Central American female leader in 1990 and has experienced more stability both politically and economically in the past 30 years.